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Degradation of methyl tert-butyl ether by catalytic wet air oxidation over Rh/TiO2–CeO2 catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
54798 47027 2013 8 PDF Available
Title
Degradation of methyl tert-butyl ether by catalytic wet air oxidation over Rh/TiO2–CeO2 catalysts
Abstract

•Cerium oxide improves the CWAO activity of MTBE on Rh/TiO2–CeO2 catalysts.•The high Lewis acid sites concentration promotes the MTBE degradation.•Hydrochlorhydric acid increases the activity of Rh/TiO2–CeO2 catalysts.

The catalytic wet air oxidation of methyl tert-butyl ether was carried on Rh/TiO2 and Rh/TiO2–CeO2 catalysts. The TiO2–CeO2 (1, 3, 5, 10, and 20 wt% CeO2) mixed oxides were prepared by the sol–gel method. The catalysts were characterized by different techniques: surface adsorption–desorption of N2 (BET surface area), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared of CO adsorption (FTIR-CO), Fourier transformed infrared of pyridine adsorption (FTIR-pyridine), temperature programmed reduction of H2 (H2-TPR), total organic compound (TOC) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). A higher specific surface area BET and Lewis acidity sites were obtained on catalysts containing cerium oxide. Small Rh particles <1.8 nm were obtained in all catalysts. The Rh catalysts containing cerium oxide showed higher activity than the reference Rh/TiO2 and a maximum in activity at 5 wt% loading of CeO2. It is assumed that the acid sites are acting as a tramp for the MTBE molecule increasing the conversion on the Rh particles joined to an additional oxygen supply by cerium oxide redox process. The presence of cerium oxide inhibits the deposit of carbon on the catalyst; the higher cerium oxide concentration, the lower carbon deposited on the Rh surface. The addition of HCl on the initial reaction solution increases the CWAO activity.

Graphical abstractThe CWAO of methyl tert-butyl ether activity increases with the concentration of cerium oxide (1, 3, 5, 10 and 20 wt% Ce) in Rh/TiO2–CeO2 catalyst. The maximum in activity (RhTiCe5 catalyst) correspond to the maximum in Lewis acid sites which are acting as a trap of MTBE molecule.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (96 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Catalytic wet air oxidation; Methyl tert-butyl ether; Rh/TiO2; Rh/TiO2–CeO2; HCl effect; Carbon deposition
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Degradation of methyl tert-butyl ether by catalytic wet air oxidation over Rh/TiO2–CeO2 catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 212, 1 September 2013, Pages 2–9
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us