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Synthesis of succinic anhydride from maleic anhydride on Ni/diatomite catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
54817 47027 2013 5 PDF Available
Title
Synthesis of succinic anhydride from maleic anhydride on Ni/diatomite catalysts
Abstract

The characteristics and catalytic properties of Ni(5 wt%)/diatomite, Ni(5 wt%)/γ-Al2O3, Ni(5% wt)/Bentonite clay and Ni(5 wt%)/attapulgite clay were investigated and compared in terms of catalytic activities for liquid-phase hydrogenation of maleic anhydride (MA). The results showed that the diatomite support exhibited the highest activity and selectivity. Using Ni(7 wt%)/diatomite catalyst, the 100% conversion of MA and 96.20% selectivity to SA were obtained for MA hydrogenation at 190 °C. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies showed that there is only NiO on the support and no elemental nickel (Ni0) and Ni2O3 was detected in unreduced samples. XRD and H2 temperature-programmed reduction (TPR) studies also showed that NiO species were all converted to metallic nickel (Ni0) after reduction at 350 °C.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (100 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► In this study, the conversion and the selective hydrogenation of MA were examined on supported Ni catalysts Ni/diatomite, Ni/γ-Al2O3, Ni/bentonite clay and Ni/attapulgite clay. ► The support diatomite improves the activity and selectivity of supported Ni catalyst. ► Ni content has a great influence on the hydrogenation reaction. ► Use of Ni/diatomite catalyst, the 100% conversion for MA and 96.20% selectivity for SA were obtained for MA hydrogenation at a optimum temperature.

Keywords
Maleic anhydride; Hydrogenation; Succinic anhydride; Diatomite
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Synthesis of succinic anhydride from maleic anhydride on Ni/diatomite catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 212, 1 September 2013, Pages 137–141
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us