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Ag nanowires as precursors to synthesize novel Ag-CeO2 nanotubes for H2 production by methanol reforming

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
54831 47027 2013 7 PDF Available
Title
Ag nanowires as precursors to synthesize novel Ag-CeO2 nanotubes for H2 production by methanol reforming
Abstract

Novel Ag-CeO2 nanotubes were synthesized by the precipitation method based on preformed Ag NW added as active phase precursors. This nanotubular material was used as catalysts to evaluate the methanol reforming reaction for H2 production. Nanotubular structures with an external diameter from 120 to 280 nm and internal diameter from 40 to 80 nm were identified by electron microscopy techniques. These nanostructures were mainly composed of CeO2 nanoparticles (∼11 nm). The X-ray powder diffraction patterns of the Ag-CeO2 nanotubes showed diffraction peaks characteristic of the cubic structure of the CeO2 and metallic Ag. No diffraction peaks corresponding to those of the Ce–Ag alloys or other impurities were found in these samples. The catalytic activity was improved as the nanotubes concentration was increased in the catalysts. However, the H2 production was diminished, so, an increase in the Ag particle size promotes the methanol combustion, decreasing hydrogen production and increasing the water formation as well as the CO2 production. It seems that the Ag is the phase mainly responsible of hydrogen production although the large particles reduce the CO formation.

Graphical abstractNovel Ag-CeO2 nanotubes catalysts were designed by using Ag nanowires as templates, and applied for the first time in the H2 production by methanol reforming. These nanotubular structures have an external diameter within the range of 120–180 nm and an internal diameter between 40 and 80 nm, as determined by electron microscopy techniques. The catalytic activity was improved as the nanotubes concentration was increased in the catalysts.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (208 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► New Ag-CeO2 nanotubes catalysts were designed by a simple precipitation method using Ag 1D nanowires as templates. ► Nanotubular structures with an external diameter from 120 to 280 nm and internal diameter from 40 to 80 nm were identified by electron microscopy techniques. ► Novel Ag-CeO2 nanotubes catalysts were applied in the SRM and OSRM reactions for H2 production. ► The catalytic activity was improved as the nanotubes concentration was increased in the catalysts. ► Addition of oxygen to the feed improves the methanol conversion.

Keywords
H2 production; Ag-nanowires; Ag-CeO2 nanotubes; OSRM; SRM
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Ag nanowires as precursors to synthesize novel Ag-CeO2 nanotubes for H2 production by methanol reforming
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 212, 1 September 2013, Pages 225–231
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us