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Influence of the synthesis method on the structure of Pd-substituted perovskite catalysts for methane oxidation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
54841 47028 2013 6 PDF Available
Title
Influence of the synthesis method on the structure of Pd-substituted perovskite catalysts for methane oxidation
Abstract

Flame spray synthesis (FSS), ultrasonic spray combustion (USC) and solution combustion synthesis (SCS) were selected for the preparation of Pd-substituted perovskite-type oxides and were compared with the citric acid method (CM). La(Fe,Pd)O3 and La(Mn,Pd)O3 catalysts were characterized using N2-adsorption (BET method), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The structure of Pd was characterized using X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy: Pd in octahedral coordination can be clearly distinguished from PdO-like species from the shape of the whiteline. Except for SCS samples, the BET surface area of all samples varied between 12 and 39 m2/g. In the case of LaFeO3±δ, only CM and USC methods provided Pd in octahedral coordination, whereas a mixed Pd2+/Pd0 oxidation state was obtained from FSS and SCS methods. On the contrary, Pd supported on LaMnO3±δ was obtained irrespective of the synthesis method. As a consequence, the peculiar structure of Pd obtained from each synthesis method influenced the catalytic activity for methane oxidation. The characterization and catalytic data confirm that the coordination of Pd depends on perovskite composition and suggest that it is also dependent on the synthesis method.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (205 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Textural properties of catalysts i.e. crystallite size, thermal resistance and phase purity can be controlled by synthesis method. ► The structure of Pd in La(Fe,Pd)O3 is sensitive to the synthesis conditions. ► The propensity of Pd to substitute Mn in LaMnO3 is very low. ► The peculiar structure of Pd influences the catalytic activity of the catalysts. ► The formation of solid solution between Pd and perovskite-type oxide depends on the synthesis methods as well as the composition of the perovskite-type oxide.

Keywords
Perovskites; Palladium; Flame spray synthesis; Ultrasonic spray combustion; Solution combustion synthesis; Methane oxidation
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Influence of the synthesis method on the structure of Pd-substituted perovskite catalysts for methane oxidation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 208, 1 June 2013, Pages 42–47
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us