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Investigation of degradation mechanism of palladium–nickel wires during oxidation of ammonia

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
54842 47028 2013 8 PDF Available
Title
Investigation of degradation mechanism of palladium–nickel wires during oxidation of ammonia
Abstract

The process of oxidation of ammonia proceeds in 800–900 °C with high reactivity hydrogen discharge. Extremely aggressive environment and temperature require using the most chemically resistant materials with catalysis properties. One of the main groups of those materials is palladium–nickel alloys. In our investigation we focused on analysis of PdNi5 degradation during catalysis process. The investigation was performed on 78 μm diameter wires after long exposition to chemically aggressive environment. The samples were prepared with focused ion beam (FIB) system. The observations of surface and wire cross sections were executed using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) with energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) device, which allowed defining chemical composition. The effect of a grain orientation on sensitivity to reaction with ammonia gas was tested by mapping with electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) techniques. Significant change of wire cross section after long exposition was determined by 3D X-ray computer tomography (XCT). The obtained results can be basis of further investigation on improvement of strength of PdNi alloys in high temperature chemical application.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (238 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► We focused on analysis of PdNi5 gauzes degradation during nitrogen reduction. ► Samples were analyzed using FIB, SEM, EDS, EBSD and micro-XCT techniques. ► Significant change of gauzes morphology and chemical composition was observed. ► FIB/SEM analysis shows that degradation of PdNi5 wires occurs deep into the material. ► Degradation is related to the diffusion of Ni and intense etching of grain boundaries.

Keywords
Precious metals; Catalysis; Pd–Ni; Gauze
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Investigation of degradation mechanism of palladium–nickel wires during oxidation of ammonia
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 208, 1 June 2013, Pages 48–55
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
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