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Development of a support for a NiO catalyst for selective adsorption and post-adsorption catalytic steam gasification of thermally converted asphaltenes

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
54867 47029 2013 7 PDF Available
Title
Development of a support for a NiO catalyst for selective adsorption and post-adsorption catalytic steam gasification of thermally converted asphaltenes
Abstract

Insight on the role of a new heterogeneous catalyst for catalytic steam gasification of adsorbed asphaltenes is reported. The catalyst was prepared by incorporating NiO nanoparticles into mesoporous–macroporous Ba-based meta kaolin intended both as catalyst support as well as adsorbent. Variations on the catalyst support were made in form of extrudates by adding a binder (Ba(CH3COO)2 and/or Ca(CH3COO)2) and sucrose as a porogenic substance, to kaolin and calcining in air typically at 650 °C. Effect of the binder type and content, sucrose content and calcination temperature upon adsorption was determined by performing adsorption study of Quinoline-65 (Q-65) using UV–Vis spectrophotometry. The surface basicity of catalyst support was measured by CO2 temperature programmed desorption (TPD) experiments. Pore size distribution was determined by Nitrogen physisorption. The Q-65 uptake was correlated to the pore size distribution and the basicity of the adsorbents. The results suggest that solids having low surface basicity and with increased pore size distribution between 200 and 800 Å showed better adsorption. Further, incorporation of NiO nanoparticles into these catalyst supports not only enhanced the adsorption of asphaltenes, but also promoted the steam gasification of the adsorbed asphaltenes, leading to CO2 and H2 as major products.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (238 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Adsorption of Quinoline-65 depends on textural as well as chemical properties of the catalyst. ► Decrease in surface basicity increases Quinoline-65 adsorption. ► NiO when incorporated into Ba–metakaolin support show catalytic steam gasification of adsorbed asphaltenes.

Keywords
Quinoline-65; Asphaltenes; Adsorption; Catalytic steam gasification; Meta kaolin; Temperature programmed desorption
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Development of a support for a NiO catalyst for selective adsorption and post-adsorption catalytic steam gasification of thermally converted asphaltenes
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 207, 30 May 2013, Pages 112–118
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us