Hexagonal mesoporous titanosilicates as support for vanadium oxide—Promising catalysts for the oxidative dehydrogenation of n-butane
The comparative study of structural properties and catalytic performance of V-containing high-surface mesoporous silica and mesoporous titanosilicate materials (HMS, Ti-HMS) in oxidative dehydrogenation of n-butane (C4-ODH) was carried out. The aim of the study was to investigate effect of different titanium amount incorporated into silica support on the texture, speciation of vanadium complexes and its impact on catalytic performance. Prepared catalysts were characterized by XRF for determination of vanadium content, DTA/TG for thermal stability of matrix, XRD, SEM and N2-adsorption for study of morphology and texture, FT-IR and DR UV–vis spectroscopy for verification of successful incorporation of Ti to the matrix and H2-TPR and DR UV–vis spectroscopy for determination of vanadium complex speciation. All prepared materials were tested in n-butane ODH reaction at 460 °C. We conclude that titanium was successfully incorporated into mesoporous structure, which was preserved at least up to 600 °C. Catalytic activities of V-Ti-HMS catalysts were approximately four times higher than activity of V-HMS catalyst in spite of the fact that all samples exhibit the same amount of vanadium species with similar distribution. The selectivity to desired products was comparable for all catalysts. Enhanced catalytic activity of V-Ti-HMS materials allows activating of n-butane at significantly lower temperature (by 100 °C) compare with V-HMS materials.
Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (129 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► One-pot synthesis of mesoporous titano-silicates with HMS structure. ► Titanium distribution in HMS support comparable to distribution in TS-1 material. ► Long-time thermal stability of V-Ti-HMS catalysts under reaction conditions. ► Four time higher yield to C4-alkene on V-Ti-HMS compare to V-HMS catalysts.
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 204, 15 April 2013, Pages 132–139