Ni based oxygen carrier over γ-Al2O3 for chemical looping combustion: Effect of preparation method on metal support interaction
This study deals with the development of a Ni based oxygen carrier (OC) over La-modified and Co-doped γ-Al2O3 suitable for a fluidized bed chemical-looping combustion (CLC) process. La is found to stabilize the bulk phase transformation of γ-Al2O3 whereas Co minimizes the formation of irreducible bulk nickel aluminate. Apart from these beneficial effects, the reducibility and the structural properties of the prepared OCs are found to be modified by the different preparation methods used. The N2 adsorption isotherm shows that γ-Al2O3 retains its structural integrity in only one preparation method. Reducibility as determined by consecutive temperature programmed reduction and oxidation techniques resembles the chemical properties of δ- and θ-Al2O3 for the other two preparation methods. However, no bulk phase change is detected for the three OCs using XRD. This suggests that the observed changes occur mainly at the molecularly thin surface layers of the OCs which display structural properties (geometric, electronic, coordination) significantly different from those of the bulk. The prepared OCs are also tested under CLC operating condition of the Chemical Reactor Engineering Center (CREC) fluidized Riser Simulator, using multiple reduction/oxidation cycles. Reactivity results obtained show expected reducibility, oxygen carrying capacity and stability with the three different preparation techniques.
Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (129 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► We prepare a new oxygen carrier (OC): Ni over La-modified and Co-doped γ-Al2O3. ► We show that La reduces γ-Al2O3 transformation and Co nickel aluminate formation. ► We found reducibility of OC precursor is influenced by bed fluid dynamics. ► We study the OCs performance at CLC conditions in a fluidized CREC Riser Simulator. ► We show OCs show excellent reducibility, oxygen carrying capacity and stability.
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 210, 1 July 2013, Pages 124–134