Hollow core supported Pt monolayer catalysts for oxygen reduction
We synthesized high-activity electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction comprising a Pt monolayer shell on compact hollow nanoparticles. Pulse electrodeposited Ni nanoparticles were replaced galvanically by Pd and Pd–Au ions to obtain corresponding hollow nanoparticles. Pt monolayer catalysts supported on such hollow cores exhibited total-metal mass activities ranging from 0.41 to 0.57 A mg−1, doubling that of 0.25 A mg−1 for Pt monolayer catalysts on solid Pd cores. We attribute this enhanced activity to the smooth surface morphology and hollow-induced lattice contraction, in addition to the mass-saving geometry of hollow particles.
Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (114 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Hollow Pd and Pd–Au nanoparticles as cores for Pt monolayer electrocatalysts. ► Electrodeposited Ni particles as sacrificial templates in galvanic replacement. ► Enhanced total-metal mass activities for the ORR up to 0.57 A mg−1. ► Significant saving of noble metals. ► Smooth surface morphology and hollow-induced lattice contraction.
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 202, 15 March 2013, Pages 50–54