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Theoretical modeling of electrode/electrolyte interface from first-principles periodic continuum solvation method

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
55001 47036 2013 7 PDF Available
Title
Theoretical modeling of electrode/electrolyte interface from first-principles periodic continuum solvation method
Abstract

It has been a long challenge to understand the equilibrium and the dynamic phenomena (e.g. chemical reactions) at the electrode/electrolyte interface in a unified theoretical framework. Here periodic first-principles calculations integrated with modified-Poisson–Boltzmann electrostatics are utilized to provide the atomic level insight into the nature of electrochemical double layer and the catalytic reaction at the interface. The double layer properties of a series of metal electrodes and CO-covered Pt electrode, such as the potential of zero charge and the differential capacitance, are calculated from theory and a good agreement between theoretical values and experimental data is achieved. The theoretical method is also applied to understand the mechanism of CO electrooxidation on Pt. By comparing CO + O and CO + OH reaction channels, we show that CO + OH is the major mechanism for CO electrooxidation. It is observed that the barriers of these surface association reactions are weakly dependent on the potential. The theoretical results presented here demonstrate that first-principles periodic continuum solvation method is a practical and general-purpose theoretical tool for studying electrochemical phenomena occurring at the electrode/electrolyte interface.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (294 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► We implement modified-Poisson–Boltzmann electrostatics in periodic first-principles calculation for studying electrochemistry. ► We calculate the potential of zero charge and differential capacitance of several metal and CO-covered Pt surfaces. ► The CO coupling with OH is the major channel for CO electrooxidation. ► The reaction barrier of surface association reactions is not sensitive to potential change.

Keywords
Electrochemistry; First principles periodic continuum solvation method; Potential of zero charge; Differential capacitance; CO electrooxidation
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Theoretical modeling of electrode/electrolyte interface from first-principles periodic continuum solvation method
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 202, 15 March 2013, Pages 98–104
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us