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Solar photocatalytic decomposition of estrogens over immobilized zinc oxide

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
55028 47038 2013 8 PDF Available
Title
Solar photocatalytic decomposition of estrogens over immobilized zinc oxide
Abstract

The photocatalytic degradation of synthetic estrogen 17α-ethynylestradiol (EE2) in environmental samples was investigated. Zinc oxide immobilized onto a glass substrate was prepared and used as the photocatalyst, while radiation was provided by a solar simulator. EE2 in the range 50–200 μg/L was treated in various matrices, i.e. ultrapure water, wastewater and drinking water, and treatment efficiency was assessed as a function of photon flux, ZnO loading and addition of hydrogen peroxide. Degradation follows apparent first-order kinetics and increases with increasing photon flux (4.93·10−7–5.8·10−7 einstein/(L s)) and H2O2 concentration (up to 100 mg/L), while ZnO loading (1.2–16.3 mg) has a marginal effect. Reaction in ultrapure water is twice as fast as in wastewater (e.g. the respective apparent rate constants are 17.3·10−3 and 9.4·10−3 min−1 at maximum photon flux and 3.7 mg ZnO) due to the competition for oxidants between EE2 and the wastewater components (organic matter and ions). The catalyst retained most of its activity upon repeated use (i.e. 21 consecutive runs of 31.5 h duration) although it was partially dissolved in the liquid phase; leached zinc can trigger homogeneous reactions, thus contributing to the overall photocatalytic degradation.

Graphical abstractEffect of water matrix (WW, wastewater; UPW, ultrapure water; UPW–WW, mixture of the two) on EE2 degradation. Inset graph: relationship between rate constant and matrix. Conditions: ZnO = 3.7 mg; [EE2]0 = 100 μg/L; photon flux = 5.8·10−7 einstein/(L s).Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (133 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► 17α-Ethynylestradiol is degraded by solar/ZnO photocatalysis. ► Degradation over immobilized catalyst follows apparent first order kinetics. ► Reactions in wastewater are retarded due to matrix effects. ► H2O2 addition promotes rates considerably. ► ZnO retains activity on successive use but partly leaches.

Keywords
EDCs; Kinetics; Reuse; Stability; Water matrix; Zinc
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 209, 15 June 2013, Pages 66–73
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us