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Solar photo-Fenton optimization for the treatment of MWTP effluents containing emerging contaminants

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
55047 47038 2013 7 PDF Available
Title
Solar photo-Fenton optimization for the treatment of MWTP effluents containing emerging contaminants
Abstract

Growing use of xenobiotic substances, synthetic fragrances, pesticides, drugs, and other contaminants is leading to their increasing concentrations in the aquatic environment (over 1 μg/L). Conventional municipal wastewater treatment plants (MWTP) are unable to degrade these contaminants entirely. In this study, solar photo-Fenton process is proposed and optimized as a tertiary treatment for MWTP effluents containing emerging contaminants (ECs) and other micro-pollutants. A three-level factorial experimental design (33), modified with 2 × 3 axial and 6 central runs to make it spherical was carried out for optimization using Statgraphics software. The influence of hydrogen peroxide dosage, iron (II) concentration and temperature were assessed over accumulated energy (QUV kJ/L as the response factor) necessary to remove more than 95% of the micro-pollutants. Pareto graphic and response surfaces showed that Fe (II) concentration, temperature and their interaction are the variables that influence the response factor the most. Finally, the optimal operating conditions were successfully applied to the treatment of a real MWTP effluent at pilot plant scale removing 80% of total micropollutants after 0.56 kJ/L.

Graphical abstractIn this study, solar photo-Fenton process is proposed and optimized as a tertiary treatment for MWTP effluents containing emerging contaminants (ECs) and other micro-pollutants. A three-level factorial experimental design (33), modified with 2 × 3 axial and 6 central runs to make it spherical was carried out for optimization using Statgraphics software. The influence of hydrogen peroxide dosage, iron (II) concentration and temperature were assessed over accumulated energy (QUV kJ/L as the response factor) necessary to remove more than 95% of the micro-pollutants. Finally, the optimal operating conditions were successfully applied to the treatment of a real MWTP effluent reaching complete ECs removal after 3.47 kJ/L.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (218 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Solar photo-Fenton tertiary treatment is optimized for micro-pollutants elimination. ► HPLC-QTRAP-MS was employed for monitoring micro-contaminants removal. ► Spherical factorial experimental design with 2 × 3 axial and 6 central runs was used. ► QUV mostly influenced by iron concentration, temperature, and their interaction. ► Optimal operating conditions were tested on a real MWTP effluent (QUV < 4 kJ/L).

Keywords
Experimental design; Micro-pollutants; Solar photo-Fenton; Tertiary treatment
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Solar photo-Fenton optimization for the treatment of MWTP effluents containing emerging contaminants
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 209, 15 June 2013, Pages 188–194
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us