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The performance of a hybrid photocatalysis–MD system for the treatment of tap water contaminated with ibuprofen

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
55084 47039 2012 8 PDF Available
Title
The performance of a hybrid photocatalysis–MD system for the treatment of tap water contaminated with ibuprofen
Abstract

The investigations on a hybrid photocatalysis–direct contact membrane distillation system for removal of ibuprofen sodium salt (IBU) from tap water are described. A comparison of the effectiveness of photodegradation in the batch and continuous flow modes is presented. Moreover, the effect of the feed solution composition on permeate flux and membrane scaling during long term process is discussed. The influence of the operation mode on the effectiveness of IBU decomposition and mineralization was found to be not significant. However, due to continuous supply of treated water the amount of TOC in feed solution in case of the continuous mode was higher compared to the batch one. After 54 h of the PMR operation the flux decline for ca. 7% compared to pure water flux was observed. After 188 h of the process the flux decreased for ca. 86%. The deposit layer formed on a membrane surface was composed of a thin porous TiO2 layer on which the calcite and aragonite crystals were present. Application of cleaning with HCl solution allowed to dissolve the CaCO3 scale deposit and recover the flux. No significant influence of the operation mode on the product (distillate) quality was found. Due to more potential for full scale application the continuous operation mode was recommended.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (250 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Photocatalytic membrane reactor utilizing membrane distillation. ► Treatment of water contaminated with a pharmaceutical. ► Permeate flux decline during long term operation. ► TiO2 photocatalyst prevents from deposition of CaCO3 inside the membrane pores.

Keywords
Photocatalytic membrane reactor; Membrane distillation; Ibuprofen; Scaling; Calcium carbonate
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The performance of a hybrid photocatalysis–MD system for the treatment of tap water contaminated with ibuprofen
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 193, Issue 1, 15 October 2012, Pages 213–220
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us