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Biogas reforming for syngas production over nickel supported on ceria–alumina catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
55134 47041 2012 8 PDF Available
Title
Biogas reforming for syngas production over nickel supported on ceria–alumina catalysts
Abstract

A series of 8 wt% nickel catalysts supported on alumina and alumina-modified with different amounts of ceria were prepared. The effect of the supporting ceria loading at the catalytic performance for the biogas reforming reaction was investigated. The physicochemical properties of the final catalysts were determined by using different techniques: N2 adsorption–desorption isotherms, X-ray diffraction (XRD), inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Catalytic performance was evaluated for the biogas reforming reaction using a feed gas mixture of CH4/CO2 = 1.5, simulating a clean model of biogas. It was shown that nickel catalysts supported on ceria–alumina exhibit slightly higher conversion values, compared to the one supported on alumina above 800 °C, which can be mainly attributed to the redox properties of ceria. In particular, the 8 wt% nickel catalyst supported on 20 wt% ceria–alumina was proven to have the best catalytic performance with a highest H2/CO ratio of about 1.3. The biogas reforming reaction catalyzed by nickel–alumina doped with ceria catalysts seems to be an appropriate process in order to produce syngas suitable for methanol or Fischer–Tropsch synthesis reactions, which require H2/CO ratio values between one and two (1 to 2).

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (88 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Catalysts for methane dry reforming and biogas reforming. ► Alumina and alumina-modified with ceria catalysts were prepared. ► CeO2-promoted Ni/Al2O3 catalyst is related to high dispersion of nickel particles. ► H2/CO ratio increases significantly with an increase in CeO2 loading. ► H2 yield values are higher for ceria–alumina supported Ni catalysts above 800 °C.

Keywords
Biogas reforming; Nickel catalysts; Syngas production; Ceria–alumina
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Biogas reforming for syngas production over nickel supported on ceria–alumina catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 195, Issue 1, 15 November 2012, Pages 93–100
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us