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Glucose–fructose isomerisation promoted by basic hybrid catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
55137 47041 2012 6 PDF Available
Title
Glucose–fructose isomerisation promoted by basic hybrid catalysts
Abstract

As-synthesised mesoporous ordered molecular sieves of the M41S family, containing their organic template and used without any pretreatment, were shown to be efficient weak basic catalysts in glucose–fructose isomerisation in water at 100 °C. Selectivities higher than 80% were obtained for glucose conversion higher than 20%. By comparison, NaOH catalysed glucose–fructose isomerisation operates at lower temperature, but the selectivity is shown to be more strongly dependent on the duration and on the temperature of the reaction. Interestingly, a more conventional inorganic stronger solid base, such as zirconia promoted with Cs, is less active and requires higher reaction temperature, 150 °C, to isomerise glucose into fructose or a pretreatment at high temperature aimed to remove the strongly adsorbed carbonate species. The superiority of the hybrid organic bases compared to the inorganic stronger solid base is correlated to the presence of a high number of weak basic sites intermediate between chemisorption and physisorption, resistant towards irreversible CO2 poisoning. This is demonstrated by calorimetry of CO2 adsorption.

Graphical abstractMesoporous ordered molecular sieves of the M41S family, containing their organic template, are active and selective solid bases in glucose isomerisation into fructose in water at 100 °C. These solids are active without thermal pre-treatment due to their resistant towards irreversible CO2 poisoning, demonstrated by calorimetry of CO2 adsorption. Their performances are correlated to the presence of a high number of weak basic sites intermediate between chemisorption and physisorption.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (85 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Basic hybrid molecular sieves isomerise selectively glucose into fructose in water. ► Their weak basicity is water and CO2 tolerant. ► CO2 resistance of the basic hybrid molecular sieves is demonstrated by calorimetry. ► Basic hybrid molecular sieves are more selective than strong mineral bases.

Keywords
Glucose isomerisation into fructose; Solid bases; Hybrid solid bases; Calorimetry of CO2
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 195, Issue 1, 15 November 2012, Pages 114–119
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
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