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Catalytic transformations of biomass-derived acids into advanced biofuels

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
55143 47041 2012 7 PDF Available
Title
Catalytic transformations of biomass-derived acids into advanced biofuels
Abstract

Biomass can efficiently replace petroleum in the production of fuels for the transportation sector. One effective strategy for the processing of complex biomass feedstocks involves previous conversion into simpler compounds (platform molecules) which are more easily transformed in subsequent upgrading reactions. Lactic acid and levulinic acid are two of these relevant biomass derivatives which can easily be derived from biomass sources by means of microbial and/or chemical routes. The present paper intends to cover the most relevant catalytic strategies designed today for the conversion of these molecules into advanced biofuels (e.g. higher alcohols, liquid hydrocarbon fuels) which are fully compatible with the existing hydrocarbons-based transportation infrastructure. The routes described herein involve: (i) deoxygenation reactions which are required for controlling reactivity and for increasing energy density of highly functionalized lactic and levulinic acid combined with (ii) CC coupling reactions for increasing molecular weight of less-oxygenated reactive intermediates.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (96 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Biomass has the potential to replace petroleum in the production of transportation fuels. ► There is growing need for high-energy density, infrastructure-compatible biofuels (advanced biofuels). ► We explore potential of lactic and levulinic acids in the catalytic production of advanced biofuels. ► Catalytic routes involve oxygen removal combined with CC coupling reactions.

Keywords
Biomass; Lactic acid; Levulinic acid; Advanced biofuels; γ-Valerolactone; Aqueous-phase processing; Ketonization
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Catalytic transformations of biomass-derived acids into advanced biofuels
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 195, Issue 1, 15 November 2012, Pages 162–168
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us