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Niobia-modified aluminas prepared by impregnation with niobium peroxo complexes for dimethyl ether production

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
55161 47042 2012 8 PDF Available
Title
Niobia-modified aluminas prepared by impregnation with niobium peroxo complexes for dimethyl ether production
Abstract

Use of a water-soluble niobium peroxo complex allowed the preparation of niobium-modified aluminas containing up to 90% of the theoretical niobia monolayer in one impregnation step. There was a maximum in the density of surface Lewis acid sites at 45% of the theoretical monolayer. FTIR of adsorbed pyridine and adsorbed CO2 suggest the vertical growth of the Nb2O5 layer for the largest niobium contents. The addition of 22.5% of the theoretical monolayer eliminated about 80% of the basic surface hydroxyls, inhibiting the adsorption of gas phase CO2 by the samples. The niobia/alumina catalysts suffered less inhibition by CO2 than the pure alumina in the methanol dehydration reaction, confirming that Nb2O5 is mainly deposited on sites where the CO2 adsorption is stronger, leaving free sites that are active in catalytic dehydration and less inhibited by CO2, however none of the niobia/aluminas was more active than the pure alumina. Nevertheless, in the direct syngas to DME conversion using a mixed catalyst system comprised of a CuZnAl methanol synthesis catalyst and a methanol dehydration component, the activity was significantly larger with a niobia/alumina as a dehydrating component than with the pure alumina.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (128 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Use of niobium peroxo complexes allowed the preparation of alumina-supported niobia with up to 20 wt% niobia in a single impregnation step. ► Modification of alumina with niobia improved catalyst tolerance to carbon dioxide during methanol dehydration to dimethyl ether. ► Alumina-supported niobia performed better than the pure alumina as the methanol dehydration component in the direct syngas to dimethyl ether conversion using a mixed catalyst system.

Keywords
Alcohol dehydration; Dimethylether; Syngas; Niobia; Alumina
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Niobia-modified aluminas prepared by impregnation with niobium peroxo complexes for dimethyl ether production
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 192, Issue 1, 30 September 2012, Pages 104–111
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us