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Ketonization and deoxygenation of alkanoic acids and conversion of levulinic acid to hydrocarbons using a Red Mud bauxite mining waste as the catalyst

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
55237 47044 2012 16 PDF Available
Title
Ketonization and deoxygenation of alkanoic acids and conversion of levulinic acid to hydrocarbons using a Red Mud bauxite mining waste as the catalyst
Abstract

Red Mud bauxite mining waste which consists of a highly alkaline mixture of Fe2O3 (typically >60%, w/w), TiO2 and several complex sodium alumino-silicates is a viable, but non-selective catalyst for the ketonization of carboxylic acids. The active catalyst consists of reduced iron oxide, silicate, aluminate and carbide phases that have to be formed either by pre-reduction of the Red Mud with a blend of formic and acetic acids or in situ by reduction with H2(g) at T > 350 °C. Under H2(g) this catalyst can convert biomass derived levulinic acid into a blend of C9 alkenes and alkanes in up to 76% (w/w) yield. The reduced Red Mud is a non-alkaline magnetic solid that was analyzed by various techniques (XRD, Mössbauer, EA, Raman, TGA). It can be reused as a catalyst without loss of activity.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (173 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Red Mud mining waste is catalyst for the ketonization of carboxylic acids in moderate selectivity. ► Use of Red Mud as a catalyst requires its partial pre- or in situ reduction to magnetite at T > 350 °C. ► Under H2(g) the catalyst effectively converts levulinic acid to a blend of alkenes and alkanes.

Keywords
Carboxylic acids; Levulinic acid; Ketonization; Deoxygenation; Red Mud
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Ketonization and deoxygenation of alkanoic acids and conversion of levulinic acid to hydrocarbons using a Red Mud bauxite mining waste as the catalyst
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 190, Issue 1, 1 August 2012, Pages 73–88
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us