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Design of task-specific ionic liquids for catalytic conversion of CO2 with aziridines under mild conditions

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
55249 47045 2013 7 PDF Available
Title
Design of task-specific ionic liquids for catalytic conversion of CO2 with aziridines under mild conditions
Abstract

A series of polyethylene glycol (PEG)-functionalized ionic liquids (ILs) were developed as recyclable and efficient catalysts for selective synthesis of 5-aryl-2-oxazolidinones from aziridines and CO2 without addition of any organic solvents or additives. In particular, high yields, chemo- and regio-selectivities of oxazolidinones were attained when BrDBNPEG150DBNBr (DBN: 1,5-diazabicyclo[4.3.0]non-5-ene) was used as the catalyst, presumably due to activation of CO2 by the ether linkage in the PEG backbone, and stabilization of the ring-opened species of aziridine by the delocalized cation BrDBNPEG150DBN+. Furthermore, the catalyst could be reused for over four consecutive cycles without appreciable loss of catalytic activity and selectivity. The effects of catalyst structure and various reaction parameters on the catalytic performance were also investigated in detail. It was demonstrated that the catalyst worked well for a variety of aziridines producing the corresponding oxazolidinones in good yields and excellent regio-selectivities. Therefore, this solvent-free process could thus represent an environmentally friendly approach for ILs-catalyzed conversion of CO2 into value-added chemicals.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (138 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Polyethylene glycol-functionalized ionic liquids were proven to be efficient catalysts for CO2 conversion under solvent-free conditions. ► BrDBNPEG150DBNBr was very active and selective. ► The catalyst could be reused over four times. ► This protocol represents an environmentally friendly approach for catalytic conversion of CO2 into value-added chemicals.

Keywords
Polyethylene glycol; Ionic liquids; Carbon dioxide; Aziridine; Oxazolidinone
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Design of task-specific ionic liquids for catalytic conversion of CO2 with aziridines under mild conditions
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 200, 1 February 2013, Pages 2–8
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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