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Catalytic conversion of sugar into hydroxymethylfurfural in ionic liquids

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
55264 47045 2013 11 PDF Available
Title
Catalytic conversion of sugar into hydroxymethylfurfural in ionic liquids
Abstract

Triisobutyl(methyl)phosphonium tosylate is discovered as a highly active and selective ionic liquid solvent for conversion of fructose into HMF without any catalyst addition under moderate reaction conditions (80–110 °C). This ionic liquid provides high solubility for sugar and hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), does not produce heavy or insoluble by-products, is available at a reasonable cost in large quantities, and thus, is promising for development of a practical HMF production process. This ionic liquid is also effective for conversion of glucose into HMF in presence of CrCl2 catalyst. Formation of some unknown compounds during the sugar conversion is reported first time in the field. In this work, a number of ionic liquid + catalyst combinations are screened using a combinatorial experimental technique with fructose, high fructose corn syrup, and glucose as a feed. Reaction kinetics of sugars in the new ionic liquid is tested in a batch reactor under various reaction conditions, in comparison to [EMIM]Cl – an ionic liquid extensively studied in the previous work. It is found that the catalytic activity of an ionic liquid is determined by choice of both cation and anion, and can also be affected by its production source significantly. Reaction pathways are proposed based on the experimental results.

Graphical abstractReaction kinetics of fructose conversion in Cyphos 106 ionic liquid (10 wt% fructose loading, batch reactor testing at different temperatures). (a) Variation of fructose with time. (b) Variation of HMF yield with time.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (203 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Triisobutyl(methyl)phosphonium tosylate is discovered as a low-cost ionic liquid for conversion of sugars into HMF. ► This ionic liquid is highly reactive and selective for conversion of fructose into HMF without any catalyst addition. Nearly complete conversion of fructose occurs at 110 °C in a few minutes without formation of any levulinic and formic acids, and insoluble maters. ► This ionic liquid is also effective for conversion of glucose into HMF in presence of CrCl2 catalyst. ► Formation of some unknown compounds during the sugar conversion is reported first time in the field. ► Catalytic activity of an ionic liquid is determined by both cation and anion.

Keywords
Ionic liquid; Sugar; Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF); Catalysis; Reaction
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Catalytic conversion of sugar into hydroxymethylfurfural in ionic liquids
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 200, 1 February 2013, Pages 106–116
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us