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Operando infrared spectroscopy of the reduction of NO by H2 over rhodium based catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
55278 47046 2012 6 PDF Available
Title
Operando infrared spectroscopy of the reduction of NO by H2 over rhodium based catalysts
Abstract

An operando spectroscopic study of the NO/H2 reaction has been achieved to relate spectral features to kinetic data in order to identify key intermediates involved in the production of N2, N2O and NH3 as the main reaction products. Transient experiments show that different nitrosyl species, essentially neutral, positively and negatively NO adsorbed over metallic Rh sites exhibit different reactivity below the light-off temperature at low conversion and temperature. In particular, stable positively charged nitrosyl species inhibit the re-adsorption and further dissociation of N2O predominantly formed during the cold start engine. This can be related to a major drawback in the use of Rh for further developments of compressed natural gas engine catalysts running typically in three-way conditions. Hydrogen was found to enhance the conversion of NOx and the transformation to nitrogen mainly by destabilizing those species further enhancing the subsequent reduction of N2O. The participation of the fast H2/O2 reaction at high temperature that restores the metallic character of rhodium could be an indirect effect in the selectivity enhancement changing the nature and the relative rate of steps related to nitrogen production.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (97 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► RhNOδ− as the most reactive intermediates to the production of N2 and N2O at low conversion. ► RhNOδ+ as strong inhibitor in the successive N2O reaction to nitrogen. ► Beneficial effect of H2 due to the destabilization of RhNOδ+ via the fast H2/O2 reaction. ► NO partial pressure dependency of the selectivity related to the occurrence of different intermediates in the formation of N2 and N2O.

Keywords
NO/H2 reaction; Rhodium; IR operando study; N2O-selectivity
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Operando infrared spectroscopy of the reduction of NO by H2 over rhodium based catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 191, Issue 1, 15 September 2012, Pages 59–64
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us