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The oxidation of soot particulate in the presence of NO2

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
55285 47046 2012 6 PDF Available
Title
The oxidation of soot particulate in the presence of NO2
Abstract

The microstructure of soot-like carbons is correlated with their reactivity toward combustion. The focus of this study is on Euro IV heavy duty diesel engine soot. Additionally, two soot samples providing lower and larger particle sizes as their most striking property are taken as references. The effect of NO2 addition to the O2-containing gas feed is investigated. It is found that NO2 accelerates the oxidation of soot in the low-temperature region (250–400 °C) due to an increased surface functionalization with oxygen groups and a subsequent decomposition thereof. Accordingly, initially highly functionalized soot is less susceptible to this effect. The apparent activation energy of combustion is remarkably lowered in the presence of NO2. It is found that the total reactivity correlates with microstructural features such as surface functionalization, size and curvature of basic structural units, stack height, and particle diameter.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (218 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► The reactivity of soot strongly depends on its microstructure. ► The apparent activation energy of combustion decreases with decreasing BSU size and also with increasing curvature. ► NO2 addition enhances soot oxidation at 250–400 °C due to acceleration of surface functionalization.

Keywords
Carbon; Microstructure; Surface functionalization; Thermogravimetry; Kinetics; Combustion
First Page Preview
The oxidation of soot particulate in the presence of NO2
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 191, Issue 1, 15 September 2012, Pages 106–111
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis