A kinetic analysis of the partial oxidation of C3H8 over a 2% Rh/Al2O3 catalyst in annular microreactor
In this paper, we report a detailed kinetic investigation of C3H8 catalytic partial oxidation (CPO) over a Rh/α-Al2O3 catalyst. We applied an isothermal microreactor to collect kinetically relevant data with the aim of identifying the prevalent kinetic dependences and extending our C1 molecular kinetic scheme to the description of the C3H8 CPO process. The kinetic study consisted of CPO and steam reforming tests with diluted feeding mixtures in a wide range of temperature, composition and space velocity. The experimental results showed that H2 and CO are formed through consecutive steps of total oxidation and steam reforming of the fuel. The syngas composition is also affected by the water gas shift reaction, as well by the methanation of COx. In analogy with CH4 CPO, the rate of total oxidation of C3H8 and the rate of steam reforming of C3H8 were found to be proportional to the concentration of fuel, but independent from the concentration of the co-reactant. The rate of the forward water gas shift reaction was found to be first order dependent on H2O and independent from CO, while the rate of methanation was assumed to be proportional to H2 partial pressure. A preliminary micro-kinetic analysis showed that C3H8 adsorption likely involves the formation of CHx intermediates with x ≤ 2.
Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (191 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► We report a detailed kinetic investigation of C3H8 catalytic partial oxidation (CPO). ► We extend our C1 molecular kinetic scheme to the description of the C3H8 CPO. ► The rates of C3H8 oxidation and steam reforming are proportional to the fuel concentration. ► Methanation accompanied syngas formation and depended on H2 partial pressure. ► Propane activation involves the formation of CHx intermediates with x ≤ 2.
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 197, Issue 1, 15 December 2012, Pages 265–280