Catalytic transformation of glycerol on several metal systems supported on ZnO
Different metal systems consisting in platinum supported on several reducible supports (5% by weight) were synthesized through the deposition–precipitation technique and tested for glycerol hydrogenolysis. Interestingly, supports exhibiting the highest conversions were those with the greatest strong metal–support interaction (SMSI) effect, ZnO and SnO2, eventually forming alloys (Pt–Zn and Pt–Sn, respectively). ZnO was subsequently selected for further studies as support for Rh, Pt, Pd and Au and the resulting solids were tested again for glycerol catalytic transformation under reductive or inert atmosphere at 453 K. Under similar reaction conditions, glycerol conversion order followed the sequence Pt > Rh ≫ Pd ≫ Au. Moreover, the solids reduced at 473 K were more active than those activated at 673 K, which evidences the detrimental effect of the increase in metal particle size and/or alloy formation on the catalytic performance. Quite high yields to lactic acid were achieved in a basic medium (e.g. 68% for Rh/ZnO-473 under H2) whereas yield to 1,2-PDO was more modest (26% for Rh/ZnO-673 under similar reaction conditions).
Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (224 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Rh, Pt, Pd and Au on reducible supports were tested for glycerol catalytic transformation into 1,2-PDO and lactic acid. ► Supports exhibiting the highest conversions were ZnO and SnO2 (with SMSI effect). ► Glycerol conversion order followed the sequence Pt > Rh ≫ Pd ≫ Au (supported on ZnO). ► Solids reduced at 473 K were more active than those activated at 673 K. ► High yield to lactic acid was achieved in basic medium to the detriment of 1,2-PDO.
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 196, Issue 1, 30 November 2012, Pages 91–100