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Polymer-supported Pd–NHC complexes: Strategies for the development of multifunctional systems

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
55351 47048 2012 11 PDF Available
Title
Polymer-supported Pd–NHC complexes: Strategies for the development of multifunctional systems
Abstract

Different strategies to introduce multiple ionic liquid-like functionalities in PS–DVB based polymers in an easy and reproducible way are reported. A basic common structural element has been, in all cases, the presence of covalently attached imidazolium subunits able to form palladium–NHC complexes (Pd–NHC) and to stabilize PdNPs. Several structural alternatives have been studied in order to modify the catalytic behavior of the corresponding N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHC) complexes, in terms of both activity and stability. Thus, two types of supported pincer-like ligands were prepared using different linker/spacer combinations. The microenvironment of those supported NHC-ligands was further modified by the introduction of additional IL-like groups based on ammonium, pyridinium and imidazolium moieties. The presence of the additional functionalities in the support proved to play interesting roles in the catalytic activity of the supported catalysts/precatalysts for the Heck CC coupling reaction. In particular, catalytic systems derived from resins containing ditopic groups being able to form stable pincer complexes have shown a very remarkable stability with no sign of deactivation after several cycles.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (143 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Different strategies to synthesize multifunctional supported NHC-ligands based on supported ionic liquid-like phases (SILLPs) are reported. ► All the polymers have been employed for the generation of the corresponding supported Pd–NHC complexes and applied for the Heck reaction under aerobic conditions. ► In all cases very high values of TON and TOF have been obtained. In the case of 10, proving to be stable for several consecutive reaction cycles, TON values of 25,000 were obtained after five cycles.

Keywords
Ionic liquid; Supported polymeric catalysis; NHC-ligands; Supported ionic liquid
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Polymer-supported Pd–NHC complexes: Strategies for the development of multifunctional systems
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 196, Issue 1, 30 November 2012, Pages 137–147
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
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