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The past, present and future of heterogeneous catalysis

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
55356 47049 2012 26 PDF Available
Title
The past, present and future of heterogeneous catalysis
Abstract

This review highlights key catalytic discoveries and the main industrial catalytic processes over the last 300 years that involved commodities, fine chemicals, petrochemicals, petroleum transformation for fuels and energy supply, emission control, and so forth. In the past, discoveries have often followed events such as wars or embargos, whereas the current driving forces of studies, researches and then discoveries aim at a better understanding of catalytic processes, at reducing the costs of raw materials and processes, at developing new catalytic materials and at addressing environmental issues. This review focuses on the history of many catalytic industrial processes, environmental issues, catalytic materials, especially their expected catalytic properties, on catalyst characterisation by physical methods and development of in situ conditions, i.e., characterisation under actual working conditions with reactants and products analyzed on-line. Emphasis is also placed on high selectivity in catalytic reactions and the major challenges for the future, such as environmental issues, energy supply, pollution control for vehicles and industrial plants, air/VOCs/water purification, hydrogen sources and carbon dioxide storage/up grading, transformation of biomass as a promising source of raw materials, and catalytic water splitting perspectives.This review is a survey of heterogeneous catalysis and is not comprehensive but leads to the conclusion that, although many catalysts and catalytic processes have already been discovered and developed over the past century, many opportunities nevertheless exist for new developments, new processes and new catalytic materials. It follows that substantial challenges exist for the younger generation of researchers and engineers, as emphasized at the end of the manuscript.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (84 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► We describe the main academic and industrial realisations in heterogeneous catalysis in the past 300 years. ► We emphasise the last half century discoveries and industrial processes. ► We describe the major challenges for the future in heterogeneous catalysis. ► We emphasise the importance of environmental, fossil fuel/raw chemicals substitutes and energy issues.

Keywords
Heterogeneous catalysis; History; Industrial realisations; Future; Challenges; New materials; Chemicals; Energy; Environment
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 189, Issue 1, 30 July 2012, Pages 2–27
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us