Controlled synthesis from alginate gels of cobalt–manganese mixed oxide nanocrystals with peculiar magnetic properties
Tailored cobalt–manganese mixed oxide nanoparticles are obtained from ionotropic gels of alginate, a seaweed-derived carboxylic-functionalized polymer. (Co,Mn)3O4 phases are formed by low-temperature calcination of the alginate aerogels. Cubic spinel or tetragonal hausmannite structures are formed if, respectively, cobalt or manganese is the main cation. Stable nano-sized mixed oxides are formed in the whole range of composition of the solid solution by calcination of the aerogel precursors at 450 °C. The manganese-rich oxides are more dispersed than the cobalt-rich oxides, with surface areas higher than 80 m2 g−1. The organization of the oxide nanocrystals in arrays reminiscent of the fibrillar structure of the parent gel prevents them from packing and confers them peculiar magnetic properties in terms of coercivity and magnetoresistance.
Graphical abstractFibrillar aggregates of nanocrystalline (Co,Mn)3O4 solid solutions from natural polysaccharide precursors.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (187 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► High surface area Co–Mn heterometallic gel of alginate as precursors of oxides. ► Cubic spinel or tetragonal hausmannite structures depending of the main metal. ► Nano-sized mixed Co–Mn oxides. ► Very low magnetic permeability of the mixed oxides.
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 189, Issue 1, 30 July 2012, Pages 49–54