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Hydroxyapatite-supported cobalt(0) nanoclusters as efficient and cost-effective catalyst for hydrogen generation from the hydrolysis of both sodium borohydride and ammonia-borane

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
55409 47052 2012 9 PDF Available
Title
Hydroxyapatite-supported cobalt(0) nanoclusters as efficient and cost-effective catalyst for hydrogen generation from the hydrolysis of both sodium borohydride and ammonia-borane
Abstract

Herein, we report the preparation, characterization, and catalytic use of cobalt(0) nanoclusters supported on hydroxyapatite in the hydrolysis of both basic sodium borohydride and ammonia-borane solutions. They were prepared in situ from the reduction of cobalt(II) ions adsorbed on hydroxyapatite with sodium borohydride. Hydroxyapatite-supported cobalt(0) nanoclusters were stable enough to be isolated as solid material and characterized by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES), X-ray diffraction (XRD), attenuated total reflectance infrared (ATR-IR) spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy. They are isolable, redispersible, highly active, and cost-effective catalysts for hydrogen generation from the hydrolysis of both sodium borohydride and ammonia-borane even at low concentrations and temperature, providing 25,600 and 7400 turnovers and maximum hydrogen generation rates of 5.0 and 2.2 L H2 min−1 (g Co)−1 by the hydrolysis of NaBH4 and H3NBH3 at 25.0 ± 0.1 °C, respectively. Hydroxyapatite-supported cobalt(0) nanoclusters provide activation energy of 53 ± 2 kJ/mol for the hydrolysis of sodium borohydride and 50 ± 2 kJ/mol for the hydrolysis of ammonia-borane.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (104 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Cobalt(0) nanoclusters were formed by reduction of cobalt(II) hydroxyapatite with sodium borohydride. ► They are isolated and characterized by ICP-OES, XRD, ATR-IR, SEM, EDX, TEM, and XPS. ► They are highly active catalyst providing 25600 and 7400 turnovers in the hydrolysis of NaBH4 and H3NBH3. ► They are regarded as promising catalyst to generate hydrogen from NaBH4 and H3NBH3.

Keywords
Hydroxyapatite; Cobalt; Nanoclusters; Sodium borohydride; Ammonia-borane; Hydrolysis; Hydrogen
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Hydroxyapatite-supported cobalt(0) nanoclusters as efficient and cost-effective catalyst for hydrogen generation from the hydrolysis of both sodium borohydride and ammonia-borane
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 183, Issue 1, 20 March 2012, Pages 17–25
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us