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Pd–Pt bimetallic catalysts for combustion of SOFC stack flue gas

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
55503 47056 2012 7 PDF Available
Title
Pd–Pt bimetallic catalysts for combustion of SOFC stack flue gas
Abstract

Pd–Pt bimetallic as well as monometallic Pd and Pt catalysts were evaluated to study the catalyst activity and stability for combustion of SOFC stack flue gas. The simulated reactant gases consisting of H2, CO, CH4, air and water vapor were tested at two different GHSV for obtaining the behavior of catalyst activity versus temperature and catalyst stability versus on-stream operation hours. As H2 and CO were readily combusted under 200 °C and CH4 was combusted only above 300 °C, catalyst activity was evaluated by measuring CH4 conversion as a function of temperature for all five catalysts. Catalyst stability was evaluated by monitoring CH4 conversion for 1:1 Pd–Pt and 1:3 Pd–Pt catalysts exhibiting relatively better activity at 427 and 627 °C for 200 h. 1:1 Pd–Pt catalyst was the most active one based on the lowest CH4 light-off temperature and the lowest temperature for complete CH4 conversion, and this catalyst was deactivated less than 1:3 Pd–Pt catalyst in the 200 h-stability test. 1:1 Pd–Pt composition was attributed as the synergistic factor of active metal ingredients affecting the catalyst activity and stability. The presence of water vapor in the reactant gas inhibited catalyst activity and stability strongly by forming some less or inactive palladium species on catalyst surface via interaction between water molecules and catalyst active sites.

Graphical abstractEffect of temperature and water vapor on methane combustion for 200 h at GHSV 20,000 h−1 over the 1:1 bimetallic catalysts at 427 and 627 °C (Gas-2 contains more water vapor than Gas-3).Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (118 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Catalytic combustion of SOFC stack flue gas over Pd–Pt bimetallic catalyst. ► Effect of water vapor and temperature on catalyst activity. ► Catalyst sintering occurred at high temperature causing decrease in surface area.

Keywords
Pd–Pt catalysts; Methane combustion; Water vapor; Activity and stability; Deactivation
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Pd–Pt bimetallic catalysts for combustion of SOFC stack flue gas
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 185, Issue 1, 20 May 2012, Pages 66–72
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us