Improvement of activity for oxygen reduction reaction by decoration of Ir on PdCu/C catalyst
Ir-decorated PdCu alloy catalyst on carbon support (Ir–PdCu/C) is prepared via two-step procedure, which consists of polyol process for PdCu alloy nanoparticle supported on carbon support followed by surface replacement reaction step by Ir ions. The structure of nanoparticles is characterized by ICP-AES, XRD, and TEM-EDX. The electrochemical surface area (ECSA) and activity for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) of Ir–PdCu/C catalyst are larger and higher than those of PdCu/C catalyst, respectively. Furthermore, Ir–PdCu/C catalysts showed a higher single cell performance as a cathode catalyst for high temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell. High electrocatalytic activities of Ir–PdCu/C catalyst could be attributed to electronic and structural modification of PdCu alloy by decoration of Ir atom selectively on the surface of PdCu alloy nanoparticle supported on carbon support, which results in PdIr alloy outer region and PdCu alloy inner region.
Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (237 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Ir decorated on PdCu/C was prepared by two-step process. ► The surface of PdCu alloy was converted to PdIr alloy by galvanic replacement. ► The electrochemical active surface area of Ir–PdCu/C was increased and the performance of the MEA in the PEMFC was improved. ► The enhanced active area and catalytic activity attributed to the formation of the pseudo core–shell structure.
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 185, Issue 1, 20 May 2012, Pages 138–142