Photocatalytic conversion of carbon dioxide into methanol using optimized layered double hydroxide catalysts
The photocatalytic reduction of carbon dioxide into methanol was enabled between the Zn–Ga or Zn–Cu–Ga hydroxide layers using hydrogen and was promoted by the partial desorption of structural water stuffed between the cationic layers. The photoreduction rate obtained using [Zn1.5Cu1.5Ga(OH)8]+2(CO3)2−·mH2O was improved by replacing interlayer carbonate anions with [Cu(OH)4]2− to 0.49 μmolMethanol h−1 gcat−1, and the methanol selectivity was 88 mol%. At the molar level, interlayer Cu species was 5.9 times more active than the octahedral Cu sites in the cationic layers. The bandgap value was evaluated as 3.0 eV for the semiconductor [Zn1.5Cu1.5Ga(OH)8]+2[Cu(OH)4]2−·mH2O. Direct electronic transition from O 2p to metal 3d, 4s, or 4p was responsible for the photocatalysis excited largely by ultraviolet (UV), and to a lesser extent by visible light.
Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (361 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► CO2 was photocatalytically reduced into methanol using Zn–[Cu–]Ga hydroxides with H2. ► The photoreduction of CO2 was promoted by the partial desorption of structural water. ► The photoreduction rates were improved when the interlayer anions were [Cu(OH)4]2−. ► Interlayer Cu was by 5.9 times more active than octahedral Cu in cationic layers. ► Bandgap value was 3.0 eV for [Zn1.5Cu1.5Ga(OH)8]+2[Cu(OH)4]2−·mH2O.
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 185, Issue 1, 20 May 2012, Pages 263–269