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Crystallite-Scale Model for NOx Storage and Reduction on Pt/BaO/Al2O3: Pt Dispersion Effects on NOx Conversion and Ammonia Selectivity

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
55552 47057 2012 16 PDF Available
Title
Crystallite-Scale Model for NOx Storage and Reduction on Pt/BaO/Al2O3: Pt Dispersion Effects on NOx Conversion and Ammonia Selectivity
Abstract

A recently developed crystallite-scale regeneration model [D. Bhatia, M.P. Harold and V. Balakotaiah, Catalysis Today 151 (2010) 314] is extended and new data are reported that provide insight about cyclic NOx storage and reduction (NSR). The model is based on the concept of NOx spillover from Pt to BaO and diffusion in the barium phase during storage and the reverse process during regeneration. The model is shown to predict the main features of NOx storage, such as the increase in NOx breakthrough time with increased Pt dispersion for fixed Pt loading. The increase in NOx storage with Pt dispersion is a result of (i) an increase in exposed Pt area which leads to a higher intrinsic NO oxidation activity, and (ii) an increase in the interfacial perimeter between Pt and BaO which promotes the rate of NOx spillover. These effects outweigh the known increase in activity with crystallite size. The model is used to simulate the complete lean-rich cycles in order to elucidate the effects of Pt dispersion on various cycle-averaged variables such as NOx/H2 conversion and N2/NH3 selectivity. The simulations show that a higher stored NOx diffusivity is needed to satisfactorily predict experimental conversion and selectivity trends. This finding suggests the possible involvement of enhanced diffusion, likely of the reductant, during the regeneration. The model is used to study various storage and regeneration timing protocols, such as the use of shorter cycle times to achieve a high cycle-averaged NOx conversion and NH3 selectivity for low dispersion catalysts. The model also predicts incomplete storage phase utilization both at the crystallite and reactor scales. For example, a reactor containing high Pt dispersion catalyst tends to utilize the storage phase effectively at the crystallite scale but can have significant axial storage non-uniformities, whereas a reactor containing low dispersion Pt catalyst tends to have a more axially uniform storage but poorer local utilization.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (143 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Crystallite-scale lean NOx trap model was developed and new data reported to study the effects of Pt dispersion during NOx storage and reduction. ► Pt dispersion significantly affects the nature and extent of crystallite scale and axial distribution of stored NOx. ► Increase in NOx breakthrough time and NOx storage with increase in Pt dispersion at fixed Pt loading. ► Shorter cycles required for lower dispersion catalysts to achieve higher NOx conversion and high selectivity to ammonia.

Keywords
NOx; Hydrogen; Platinum; Barium; NOx Storage and reduction; Lean NOx trap; Dispersion; Spillover; Diffusion; Lean NOx reduction
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Crystallite-Scale Model for NOx Storage and Reduction on Pt/BaO/Al2O3: Pt Dispersion Effects on NOx Conversion and Ammonia Selectivity
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 184, Issue 1, 30 April 2012, Pages 27–42
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us