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Thermal and chemical aging of model three-way catalyst Pd/Al2O3 and its impact on the conversion of CNG vehicle exhaust

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
55573 47057 2012 8 PDF Available
Title
Thermal and chemical aging of model three-way catalyst Pd/Al2O3 and its impact on the conversion of CNG vehicle exhaust
Abstract

Thermal and chemical aging induced physical and chemical modifications in the model three-way catalyst Pd/Al2O3 for compressed natural gas vehicles exhaust were studied. The fresh catalyst Pd/Al/F (calcined at 500 °C for 4 h) was subjected to either thermal (Pd/Al/700) or chemical (poisoned with phosphorous (P), XP/Pd/Al; X = 1.8 or 7.5 wt%) aging under air flow at 700 °C for 5 h. The catalysts were analyzed by N2-physisorption, CO-chemisorption, high angular annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopic (HAADF-STEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), solid state 31P MAS NMR, H2-temperature programmed reduction (H2-TPR) and in situ X-ray absorption near edge structure spectroscopy (XANES) during H2-TPR. Characterization results reveal that thermal aging leads to merely physical modifications such as decreased surface area of the support and palladium (Pd) dispersion in Pd/Al/700. Whereas, chemical aging causes both severe physical and chemical modifications in XP/Pd/Al: (i) physical modifications are clogging of support pores and fouling of Pd nanoparticles with P as evident from N2-physisorption, CO-chemisorption and HAADF-STEM and (ii) chemical alterations are the conversion of support aluminum oxide into aluminum phosphate as evident from solid state 31P MAS NMR, and decreased reducibility of PdOx species as evident from H2-TPR and in situ XANES. Consequently, chemical aging is more detrimental than thermal aging for three-way catalytic (TWC) performance as evident from the activity data. Undoubtedly, P (chemical aging) profoundly decreases the TWC efficiency. On the other hand, mere thermal aging considerably decreases CO and CH4 oxidation efficiency, but interestingly improves the NO reduction efficiency.

Graphical abstractThe chemical aging with phosphorous causes both severe physical and chemical modifications in the catalyst, while thermal aging leads to mere physical alterations. Thus, chemical aging is more detrimental than thermal aging for three-way catalytic efficiency.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (91 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Thermal aging in air at 700 °C causes mere physical modifications in PdOx/Al2O3. ► Chemical aging with phosphorous leads to severe physical and chemical alterations. ► Chemical aging decreases the reducibility of PdOx species. ► Chemical aging diminishes both oxidation and reduction efficiency of the catalyst. ► Thermal aging essentially affects the oxidation efficiency of the catalyst.

Keywords
Three-way catalyst; Pd/Al2O3; Thermal aging; Chemical aging; Phosphorous; Aluminum phosphate; PdOx species; Reducibility; CNG
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Thermal and chemical aging of model three-way catalyst Pd/Al2O3 and its impact on the conversion of CNG vehicle exhaust
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 184, Issue 1, 30 April 2012, Pages 237–244
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us