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Comparative study of nanometric Co-, Mn- and Fe-based perovskite-type complex oxide catalysts for the simultaneous elimination of soot and NOx from diesel engine exhaust

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
55579 47057 2012 13 PDF Available
Title
Comparative study of nanometric Co-, Mn- and Fe-based perovskite-type complex oxide catalysts for the simultaneous elimination of soot and NOx from diesel engine exhaust
Abstract

In this feature article, the effects of the intrinsic factors including structure, nanometric size effect, nature of B-site ions, A-site ion substitution, redox properties of three systems of nanometric La1−xMxCoO3, La1−xMxMnO3, La1−xKxFeO3 perovskite-type oxide catalysts, and the external factors containing contacting model of catalyst and soot, the content of O2 or NO, the ratio of catalyst and the gas flow rate on their catalytic performances for the simultaneous elimination of soot particles and NO were systematically investigated. The catalysts were characterized by means of XRD, FT-IR, SEM, XPS and H2-TPR, and the catalytic performances for the simultaneous removal of nitrogen oxides and diesel soot were evaluated by temperature-programmed oxidation reactions. All the prepared samples had the perovskite structure, possessed nano-sizes and gave high activities for the simultaneous elimination of soot particles and NO. On the one hand, the number of surface atoms is much greater than the normal bulk catalysts and the size of nanoparticle is small. These characters are favorable for the adsorption and activation of reactant molecules including the O2 or NO, even soot particle. On the other hand, the surface atoms of small nano-particles formed on the surface of the nanometric perovskite oxide samples possess high free energy, which improves the mobility of catalyst, and thus it favors the contact between the catalysts and soot. Besides the intrinsic factors, the external factors of reaction conditions containing contact model of soot and catalyst, the content of O2 or NO, the ratio of catalyst to soot and gas flow rate also play important roles in affecting the catalytic performances for the simultaneous removal of NO and soot. The reaction mechanisms for soot oxidation and the simultaneous removal of soot particles and NO over La1−xKxMnO3 were also briefly discussed.

Graphical abstractThe catalytic performance of nanometric Co-, Mn- and Fe-based perovskite-type complex oxide catalysts for the simultaneous elimination of soot and NOx are comparative studied.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (176 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Simultaneous removal of soot and NOx over Co-, Mn- and Fe-based perovskite catalysts were comparative studied. ► La0.75K0.25MnO3 catalyst exhibits the highest activity. ► The alkali metal K+ was found to be the most suitable substitution ion. ► The mechanism of simultaneous removal of soot and NOx was investigated by in situ mass spectroscopy.

Keywords
Perovskite-type complex oxides; Nanometer; Catalysts; Simultaneous removal; NOx; Diesel soot
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Comparative study of nanometric Co-, Mn- and Fe-based perovskite-type complex oxide catalysts for the simultaneous elimination of soot and NOx from diesel engine exhaust
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 184, Issue 1, 30 April 2012, Pages 288–300
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us