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Geometric guidance of integrin mediated traction stress during stem cell differentiation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
5558 400 2015 10 PDF Available
Title
Geometric guidance of integrin mediated traction stress during stem cell differentiation
Abstract

Cells sense and transduce the chemical and mechanical properties of their microenvironment through cell surface integrin receptors. Traction stress exerted by cells on the extracellular matrix mediates focal adhesion stabilization and regulation of the cytoskeleton for directing biological activity. Understanding how stem cells integrate biomaterials properties through focal adhesions during differentiation is important for the design of soft materials for regenerative medicine. In this paper we use micropatterned hydrogels containing fluorescent beads to explore force transmission through integrins from single mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) during differentiation. When cultured on polyacrylamide gels, MSCs will express markers associated with osteogenesis and myogenesis in a stiffness dependent manner. The shape of single cells and the composition of tethered matrix protein both influence the magnitude of traction stress applied and the resultant differentiation outcome. We show how geometry guides the spatial positioning of focal adhesions to maximize interaction with the matrix, and uncover a relationship between αvβ3, α5β1 and mechanochemical regulation of osteogenesis.

Keywords
Mesenchymal stem cells; Differentiation; Microenvironment; Traction stress; Integrin
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Geometric guidance of integrin mediated traction stress during stem cell differentiation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 69, November 2015, Pages 174–183
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us