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Pharmaceutical inhibition of glycogen synthetase kinase 3 beta suppresses wear debris-induced osteolysis

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
5559 400 2015 10 PDF Available
Title
Pharmaceutical inhibition of glycogen synthetase kinase 3 beta suppresses wear debris-induced osteolysis
Abstract

Aseptic loosening is associated with the development of wear debris-induced peri-implant osteolytic bone disease caused by an increased osteoclastic bone resorption and decreased osteoblastic bone formation. However, no effective measures for the prevention and treatment of peri-implant osteolysis currently exist. The aim of this study was to determine whether lithium chloride (LiCl), a selective inhibitor of glycogen synthetase kinase 3 beta (GSK-3β), mitigates wear debris-induced osteolysis in a murine calvarial model of osteolysis. GSK-3β is activated by titanium (Ti) particles, and implantation of Ti particles on the calvarial surface in C57BL/6 mice resulted in osteolysis caused by an increase in the number of osteoclasts and a decrease in the number of osteoblasts. Mice implanted with Ti particles were gavage-fed LiCl (50 or 200 mg kg−1d−1), 6 days per week for 2 weeks. The LiCl treatment significantly inhibited GSK-3β activity and increased β-catenin and axin-2 expression in a dose-dependent manner, dramatically mitigating the Ti particle-induced suppression of osteoblast numbers and the expression of bone formation markers. Finally, we demonstrated that inhibition of GSK-3β suppresses osteoclast differentiation and reduces the severity of Ti particle-induced osteolysis. The results of this study indicate that Ti particle-induced osteolysis is partly dependent on GSK-3β and, therefore, the canonical Wnt signaling pathway. This suggests that selective inhibitors of GSK-3β such as LiCl may help prevent and treat wear debris-induced osteolysis.

Keywords
Osteolysis; Wear debris; Osteoclast; Osteoblast; Lithium chloride
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Pharmaceutical inhibition of glycogen synthetase kinase 3 beta suppresses wear debris-induced osteolysis
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 69, November 2015, Pages 12–21
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us