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Redox and catalytic properties of Ce–Zr mixed oxide nanopowders for fuel cell applications

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
55599 47058 2012 9 PDF Available
Title
Redox and catalytic properties of Ce–Zr mixed oxide nanopowders for fuel cell applications
Abstract

CexZr1−xO2 mixed oxides nanopowders with x = 0.10, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75 and 0.90, and pure ceria, all prepared by a low temperature citrate complexion technique, were investigated using a range of temperature programmed (TP) techniques in order to evaluate their suitability for use as anode catalyst materials in solid oxide fuel cells operating on hydrocarbon fuels. In TP reduction experiments, reduction peak temperatures and peak areas were related to the activity and amount, respectively, of available catalyst oxygen. Mixed oxides with higher Ce contents (x ≥ 0.50) were found to be reduced at significantly lower temperatures than samples with x < 0.50. The oxide with x = 0.75 supplied the largest amount of labile oxygen. TP reaction experiments performed in dry methane on two samples indicated that susceptibility of the oxides to carbon deposition was inversely related to availability of catalyst oxygen. Light-off experiments in a stoichiometric CH4/O2 mixture were performed to investigate the catalytic activity of the mixed oxide compositions for methane oxidation. Catalytic activity increased with cerium content to a maximum at x = 0.75 before decreasing at x = 0.90. All the mixed oxides were considerably more active for methane oxidation than pure CeO2 prepared by the same citrate route.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (169 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► The redox behaviour and catalytic activity of five Ce–Zr mixed oxides and CeO2 were studied. ► CZ75 (75 mol% Ce) was reduced at low temperature and donated most oxygen in TPRs. ► In light-off experiments catalytic activity was compared for CH4 oxidation. ► Lowest light-off temperature was for CZ75. ► CZ75 of interest for application in anodes for SOFCs operating on hydrocarbon fuels. ► Pure CeO2 had a light-off temperature 80 °C higher than any mixed oxide.

Keywords
Ce–Zr mixed oxide; Catalysis; Nanopowder; Methane; Redox; Solid oxide fuel cell
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Redox and catalytic properties of Ce–Zr mixed oxide nanopowders for fuel cell applications
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 180, Issue 1, 17 January 2012, Pages 139–147
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us