Microstructure formation on exposure of silicon carbide surfaces to the partial oxidation of methane
Gas-phase silicon-based species, produced on exposure of silicon carbide (SiC) surfaces to the partial oxidation of methane, can be transported away from the site of corrosion to form surface nano- and microstructures. These structures can be divided into two groups, silicon-based structures and silicon/carbon-based structures. Silicon oxide nanowires are the most prevalent of the silicon-based structures, and form on SiC surfaces downstream of the combustion zone. The silicon/carbon-based structures, formed towards the end of the combustion zone, are core–shell heterostructured fibres and take the form of either conical fibres or cross-linked fibre lattices. Low reactive gas concentrations, high temperatures and low methane/oxygen ratios enhance microstructure formation. The effect of gas-phase chemistry and fluid flow on surface behavior is discussed.
Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (366 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Silicon and carbon-based microstructures can form on silicon carbide surfaces exposed to the partial oxidation of methane. ► These structures include core–shell heterostructured fibres, cross-linked fibre lattices and silicon oxide nanowires. ► Low reactive gas concentrations, high temperatures and low methane/oxygen ratios exacerbate microstructure formation.
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 178, Issue 1, 15 December 2011, Pages 85–97