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Pt and Pd nanoparticles supported on structured materials as catalysts for the selective reductive amination of carbonyl compounds

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
55678 47062 2011 8 PDF Available
Title
Pt and Pd nanoparticles supported on structured materials as catalysts for the selective reductive amination of carbonyl compounds
Abstract

Metal catalysts based on Pt and Pd nano-particles supported on structured microporous Beta zeolites and mesoporous MCM-41 materials, as well as specially designed γ-Al2O3 samples, were synthesized following a simple and economic procedure. Physico-chemical characterization of metal-composites (by XRD, IR spectroscopy, TEM, N2 adsorption, ICP, among others) indicated that both Pt and Pd nano-particles were adequately supported and homogeneously dispersed on supports. These metal/solid acid composites were applied as efficient catalysts under mild reaction conditions in the selective reductive amination of ketones, a useful industrial reaction for the synthesis of substituted amines and N-heterocycles. Results obtained showed that Pt/Al-Beta catalyst possesses the best catalytic activity (TON = 1610, with amine selectivities >95%) superior to that observed with commercial Pt/C and Pt/Al2O3 (TON ≈ 1000). Enhancements in Pt/Al-Beta samples were achieved by optimizing the Pt loading, and mainly the Si/Al molar ratio in solids. On the contrary, inferior catalytic activities were encountered with the Pt/Si-MCM-41 and Pt/Al-MCM-41 materials. The Pd incorporation on MCM-41 materials produced more active catalysts than the commercial Pd/C and Pd/Al2O3 samples. Finally, the study of Pt/ and Pd/γ-Al2O3 materials demonstrated that the treatments of support prior to the metal impregnation and the posterior calcinations processes were essentials to obtain efficient catalysts.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (155 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Pt and Pd-nanoparticles supported on well structured solid acids were applied in catalytic reductive aminations. ► Highly efficient Pt/Al-Beta catalysts could be prepared by optimizing Pt and Al contents in solids. ► Pd/MCM-41 catalysts also showed good activities in selective reductive aminations. ► The behaviour of Pt/ and Pd/Al2O3 samples strongly depends on the type of alumina pre-treatment used.

Keywords
Pt nano-particles; Pd nano-particles; Metal catalysts; Bi-functional catalysts; Reductive amination
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Pt and Pd nanoparticles supported on structured materials as catalysts for the selective reductive amination of carbonyl compounds
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 172, Issue 1, 25 August 2011, Pages 13–20
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us