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Gas-phase reduction of cyclic and acyclic α,β-unsaturated ketones by hydrogen transfer on MgO. Effect of the ketone structure

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
55682 47062 2011 7 PDF Available
Title
Gas-phase reduction of cyclic and acyclic α,β-unsaturated ketones by hydrogen transfer on MgO. Effect of the ketone structure
Abstract

The gas-phase hydrogen transfer reduction (HTR) of cyclic and acyclic α,β-unsaturated ketones to the corresponding unsaturated alcohols (UOL) using 2-propanol as hydrogen donor was studied on MgO as an alternative to the less selective conventional hydrogenation using high pressure H2. The HTR of 2-cyclohexenone and mesityl oxide were used as model reactions. The MgO activity and selectivity toward the unsaturated alcohol depended on the ketone chemical structure. Cyclic 2-cyclohexenone was in fact less reactive but more selective to UOL formation than acyclic mesityl oxide, yielding about 85% UOL (91% selectivity) at 573 K. The rigid structure of 2-cyclohexenone enforces a s-trans conformation that favors selective reduction of the CO bond and thereby enhances the UOL formation. In contrast, the less rigid structure of the acyclic ketone affords the simultaneous reduction of both unsaturated bonds, CC and CO, forming also the saturated alcohol; as a consequence, maximum UOL yields of about 45% (47% selectivity) were obtained at 573 K from HTR of mesityl oxide.The unsaturated ketone conversion pathways toward UOL and other compounds also depended on the ketone structure. UOL formed on MgO as a primary product from both reactants 2-cyclohexenone and mesityl oxide, via a cyclic six-membered intermediate according to the Meerwein–Ponndorf–Verley mechanism. However the saturated alcohol was produced by consecutive UOL reduction in 2-cyclohexenone reactions but directly from mesityl oxide reduction. Reduction of the CC bond toward the saturated ketone was negligible regardless of the reactant structure whereas competing reactions such as the CC bond shift were more likely to contribute during reduction of the acyclic reactant.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (117 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Hydrogen transfer saturated and unsaturated ketone reduction on MgO; 2-propanol is hydrogen donor. ► Unsaturated alcohol formation depends on reactant chemical structure and surface coordination. ► CO bond reduction on cyclic ketone; simultaneous CC and CO bond reduction on acyclic ketone. ► Negligible unselective CC bond reduction regardless of reactant structure. ► Competing CC bond shift reaction more likely to contribute during acyclic ketone reduction.

Keywords
α,β-Unsaturated ketone; Reduction; MgO; Hydrogen transfer; Meerwein–Ponndorf–Verley mechanism
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Gas-phase reduction of cyclic and acyclic α,β-unsaturated ketones by hydrogen transfer on MgO. Effect of the ketone structure
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 172, Issue 1, 25 August 2011, Pages 41–47
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us