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Shrapnel nanoparticles loading docetaxel inhibit metastasis and growth of breast cancer

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
5630 407 2015 11 PDF Available
Title
Shrapnel nanoparticles loading docetaxel inhibit metastasis and growth of breast cancer
Abstract

Metastasis is one of the major obstacles for the successful therapy of breast cancer. To inhibit the metastasis and growth of breast cancer simultaneously, a new docetaxel (DTX) loaded shrapnel nano delivery system with the reduction- and enzyme-sensitive properties was designed and developed. Firstly, methoxy polyethylene glycol-peptide-vitamin E succinate (PPV), a matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs)-sensitive copolymer, was synthesized by conjugating mPEG and vitamin E succinate (VES) using an enzyme-sensitive peptide. Then, DTX loaded methoxy polyethylene glycol-s-s-vitamin E succinate (PSV) micelles (DPM) @ PPV-based liposomes (DPM@PL) were prepared by the incorporation of DPM into the PPV-based liposomes. DPM@PL showed a shrapnel structure with average particle size 113.3 ± 2.7 nm. The drug loading and encapsulation efficiency of DPM@PL were 1.93% and 99.02%, respectively. An obvious burst release (>90%) of drug was observed in the simulated tumor microenvironment with MMPs and reductive glutathione. The cellular uptake and cytotoxicity of DPM@PL in 4T1 cells were significantly enhanced after the pre-treatment of activated MMP-9. Compared with Taxotere®, DPM@PL remarkably increased the distribution of DTX in lung and tumor of 4T1 tumor-bearing mice, and inhibited the in situ tumor growth and pulmonary metastasis formation effectively through the enhanced DTX-induced apoptosis and the reduced metastasis-promoting proteins expression. Compared with saline group, the inhibitory rates of DPM@PL against tumor volume and lung metastasis were about 81% and 92%, respectively, and it didn't produce the significant systemic toxicity. As a result, DPM@PL could be a promising nano delivery system for the successful therapy of breast cancer.

Keywords
Shrapnel; Nanoparticles; Breast cancer; Metastasis; Reduction-sensitive; Enzyme-sensitive
First Page Preview
Shrapnel nanoparticles loading docetaxel inhibit metastasis and growth of breast cancer
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 64, September 2015, Pages 10–20
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering