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Dual-function nanosystem for synergetic cancer chemo-/radiotherapy through ROS-mediated signaling pathways

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
5694 417 2015 13 PDF Available
Title
Dual-function nanosystem for synergetic cancer chemo-/radiotherapy through ROS-mediated signaling pathways
Abstract

Radioresistance and limitation of irradiative dosage usually lead to failure in depletion of hypoxic tumors. Herein we developed multifunctional mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) as a carrier of a novel anticancer selenoamino acid (selenocystine, SeC), to achieve synergistic chemo-/radiotherapy. This multifunctional nanosystem effectively sensitizes cancer cells to X-ray radiotherapy. Conjugation of TAT cell penetrating peptide and transferrin to the surface of MSNs significantly enhances its internalization in cancer cells through receptor-mediated endocytosis. SeC@MSNs-Tf/TAT significantly enhanced X-ray-induced growth inhibition in cervical cancer cells by induction of apoptosis, mainly through death receptor-mediated extrinsic apoptotic pathway. Upon radiation, SeC@MSNs-Tf/TAT promoted intracellular ROS overproduction, which induced apoptotic cell death by affecting p53, AKT and MAPKs pathways. Furthermore, SeC@MSNs-Tf/TAT also significantly inhibited HeLa tumor growth in nude mice model through suppression of cell proliferation and induction of apoptosis. In vivo toxicity of the SeC@MSNs-Tf/TAT nanoparticles was investigated using the mouse model. The results of histological analysis revealed that, the nanoparticles did not show any obvious damage to these major organs under the experimental conditions, including heart, liver, spleen, lung and kidney. Taken together, this study demonstrates an effective and safe strategy for cancer-targeted chemo-/radiotherapy of human cancers.

Keywords
Radiotherapy; Targeted nanodrug delivery; Mesoporous silica nanoparticles; Apoptosis
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Dual-function nanosystem for synergetic cancer chemo-/radiotherapy through ROS-mediated signaling pathways
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 51, May 2015, Pages 30–42
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us