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Self-defensive antibacterial layer-by-layer hydrogel coatings with pH-triggered hydrophobicity

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
5736 425 2015 8 PDF Available
Title
Self-defensive antibacterial layer-by-layer hydrogel coatings with pH-triggered hydrophobicity
Abstract

We report on negatively charged layer-by-layer (LbL) hydrogel films, which turn hydrophobic and bactericidal in response to bacteria-induced acidification of the medium. Single-component hydrogel thin films, abbreviated as PaAALbLs, consisting of chemically crosslinked poly(2-alkylacrylic acids) (PaAAs) with varying hydrophobicity [polymethacrylic acid (PMAA), poly(2-ethylacrylic acid) (PEAA), poly(2-n-propylacrylic acid) (PPAA) or poly(2-n-butylacrylic acid) (PBAA)]. With increasing polyacid hydrophobicity, the hydrogel films showed a decrease in water uptake and an increase in elastic modulus. Both parameters were strongly dependent on pH. At pH 7.4, hydrogels of higher hydrophobicity were more resistant to colonization by Staphylococcus epidermidis, with the PBAA coating showing almost negligible colonization. As the medium became more acidic due to bacterial proliferation, the more hydrophobic PEAALbL, PPAALbL and PBAALbL hydrogels became dehydrated and killed bacteria upon contact with the surface. The killing efficiency was strongly enhanced by the polymer hydrophobicity. The films remained cytocompatible with human osteoblasts, as indicated by the MTS assay and live/dead staining. Our approach exploits bacteria-responsive properties of the coating itself without the involvement of potentially toxic cationic polymers or the release of antimicrobial agents. These coatings thus demonstrate a novel approach to the antibacterial protection of tissue-contacting biomedical-device surfaces.

Keywords
Bacterial adhesion; Surface modification; Antibacterial; Hydrogel
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Self-defensive antibacterial layer-by-layer hydrogel coatings with pH-triggered hydrophobicity
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 45, March 2015, Pages 64–71
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us