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Preparation of hydrophilic C60(OH)10/2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin nanoparticles for the treatment of a liver injury induced by an overdose of acetaminophen

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
5749 425 2015 9 PDF Available
Title
Preparation of hydrophilic C60(OH)10/2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin nanoparticles for the treatment of a liver injury induced by an overdose of acetaminophen
Abstract

Stable hydrophilic C60(OH)10 nanoparticles were prepared from 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HP-β-CD) and applied to the treatment of an acetaminophen overdose induced liver Injury. C60(OH)10 nanoparticles were produced by cogrinding α-CD, β-CD, γ-CD and HP-β-CD and characterized in terms of solubility, mean particle diameter, ζ-potential and long term dispersibility in water. Hydrophilic C60(OH)10 nanoparticles with particle sizes less than 50 nm were effectively produced by cogrinding HP-β-CD with C60(OH)10 at a molar ratio of 1:3 (C60(OH)10:CD). The resulting C60(OH)10/HP-β-CD nanoparticles were stable in water and showed no aggregation over a 1 month period. The C60(OH)10/CDs nanoparticles scavenged not only free radicals (DPPH and ABTS radicals) but also reactive oxygen species (O2•− and •OH). When C60(OH)10/HP-β-CD nanoparticles were intraperitoneally administered to mice with a liver injury induced by an overdose of acetaminophen (APAP), the ALT and AST levels were markedly reduced to almost the same level as that for normal mice. Furthermore, the administration of the nanoparticles prolonged the survival rate of liver injured mice, while all of the mice that were treated with APAP died within 40 h. To reveal the mechanism responsible for liver protection by C60(OH)10 nanoparticles, GSH level, CYP2E1 expression and peroxynitrite formation in the liver were assessed. C60(OH)10/HP-β-CD nanoparticles had no effect on CYP2E1 expression and GSH depletion, but suppressed the generation of peroxynitrite in the liver. The findings indicate that the protective effect of C60(OH)10/HP-β-CD nanoparticles was due to the suppression of oxidative stress in mitochondria, as the result of scavenging ROS such as O2•−, NO and peroxynitrite, which act as critical mediators in the liver injuries.

Keywords
Polyhydroxylated fullerene; Cyclodextrin; Nanoparticle; Antioxidant; Liver; Acetaminophen
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Preparation of hydrophilic C60(OH)10/2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin nanoparticles for the treatment of a liver injury induced by an overdose of acetaminophen
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 45, March 2015, Pages 115–123
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us