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Mitigation of hypertrophic scar contraction via an elastomeric biodegradable scaffold

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
5767 428 2015 10 PDF Available
Title
Mitigation of hypertrophic scar contraction via an elastomeric biodegradable scaffold
Abstract

Hypertrophic scar (HSc) occurs in 40–70% of patients treated for third degree burn injuries. Current burn therapies rely upon the use of bioengineered skin equivalents (BSEs), which assist in wound healing but do not prevent HSc contraction. HSc contraction leads to formation of a fixed, inelastic skin deformity. We propose that BSEs should maintain their architecture in the wound bed throughout the remodeling phase of repair to prevent HSc contraction. In this work we study a degradable, elastomeric, randomly oriented, electrospun micro-fibrous scaffold fabricated from the copolymer poly(l-lactide-co-ε-caprolactone) (PLCL). PLCL scaffolds displayed appropriate elastomeric and tensile characteristics for implantation beneath a human skin graft. In vitro analysis using human dermal fibroblasts demonstrated that PLCL scaffolds decreased myofibroblast formation as compared to an in vitro HSc contraction model. Using a validated immune-competent murine HSc contraction model, we found that HSc contraction was significantly greater in animals treated with standard of care, Integra, as compared to those treated with collagen coated-PLCL (ccPLCL) scaffolds. Finally, wounds treated with ccPLCL were significantly less stiff than control wounds at d30 in vivo. Together, these data suggest that scaffolds which persist throughout the remodeling phase of repair may represent a clinically translatable method to prevent HSc contraction.

Keywords
Animal model; Biodegradation; Burn; Collagen; Mechanical properties; Microstructure
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Mitigation of hypertrophic scar contraction via an elastomeric biodegradable scaffold
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 43, March 2015, Pages 61–70
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us