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Differential regulation of osteogenic differentiation of stem cells on surface roughness gradients

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
5801 437 2014 10 PDF Available
Title
Differential regulation of osteogenic differentiation of stem cells on surface roughness gradients
Abstract

Tissue engineering using scaffold-cell constructs holds the potential to develop functional strategies to regenerate bone. The interface of orthopedic implants with the host tissues is of great importance for its later performance. Thus, the optimization of the implant surface in a way that could stimulate osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is of significant therapeutic interest. The effect of surface roughness of polycaprolactone (PCL) on the osteogenic differentiation of human bone-marrow MSCs was investigated. We prepared surface roughness gradients of average roughness (Ra) varying from the sub-micron to the micrometer range (∼0.5–4.7 μm), and mean distance between peaks (RSm) gradually varying from ∼214 μm to 33 μm. We analyzed the degree of cytoskeleton spreading, expression of alkaline phosphatase, collagen type 1 and mineralization. The response of cells to roughness divided the gradient into three groups of elicited stem cell behavior: 1) faster osteogenic commitment and strongest osteogenic expression; 2) slower osteogenic commitment but strong osteogenic expression, and 3) similar or inferior osteogenic potential in comparison to the control material. The stem-cell modulation by specific PCL roughness surfaces highlights the potential for creating effective solutions for orthopedic applications featuring a clinically relevant biodegradable material.

Keywords
Surface roughness; Mesenchymal stem cell; Polycaprolactone; Osteogenesis
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Differential regulation of osteogenic differentiation of stem cells on surface roughness gradients
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 35, Issue 33, November 2014, Pages 9023–9032
Authors
, , , , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us