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Physiological pulsatile flow culture conditions to generate functional endothelium on a sulfated silk fibroin nanofibrous scaffold

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
5827 438 2014 10 PDF Available
Title
Physiological pulsatile flow culture conditions to generate functional endothelium on a sulfated silk fibroin nanofibrous scaffold
Abstract

Many studies have demonstrated that in vitro shear stress conditioning of endothelial cell-seeded small-diameter vascular grafts can improve cell retention and function. However, the laminar flow and pulsatile flow conditions which are commonly used in vascular tissue engineering and hemodynamic studies are quite different from the actual physiological pulsatile flow which is pulsatile in nature with typical pressure and flow waveforms. The actual physiological pulsatile flow leading to temporal and spatial variations of the wall shear stress may result in different phenotypes and functions of ECs. Thus, the aim of this study is to find out the best in vitro dynamic culture conditions to generate functional endothelium on sulfated silk fibroin nanofibrous scaffolds for small-diameter vascular tissue engineering. Rat aortic endothelial cells (RAECs) were seeded on sulfated silk fibroin nanofibrous scaffolds and cultured under three different patterns of flow conditioning, e.g., steady laminar flow (SLF), sinusoidal flow (SF), or physiological pulsatile flow (PPF) representative of a typical femoral distal pulse wave in vivo for up to 24 h. Cell morphology, cytoskeleton alignment, fibronectin assembly, apoptosis, and retention on the scaffolds were investigated and were compared between three different patterns of flow conditioning. The results showed that ECs responded differentially to different exposure time and different flow patterns. The actual PPF conditioning demonstrated excellent EC retention on sulfated silk fibroin scaffolds in comparison with SLF and SF, in addition to the alignment of cells in the direction of fluid flow, the formation of denser and regular F-actin microfilament bundles in the same direction, the assembly of thicker and highly crosslinked fibronectin, and the significant inhibition of cell apoptosis. Therefore, the actual PPF conditioning might contribute importantly to the generation of functional endothelium on a sulfated silk fibroin nanofibrous scaffold and thereby yield a thromboresistant luminal surface.

Keywords
Physiological pulsatile flow; Sulfated silk fibroin; Endothelial cells; Functional endothelium; Cell retention
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Physiological pulsatile flow culture conditions to generate functional endothelium on a sulfated silk fibroin nanofibrous scaffold
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 35, Issue 17, June 2014, Pages 4782–4791
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us