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The effect of simvastatin on chemotactic capability of SDF-1α and the promotion of bone regeneration

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
5842 441 2014 10 PDF Available
Title
The effect of simvastatin on chemotactic capability of SDF-1α and the promotion of bone regeneration
Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the cooperative effects of simvastatin (SIM) and stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) on the osteogenic and migration capabilities of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), and construct a cell-free bone tissue engineering system comprising SIM, SDF-1α and scaffold. We found that 0.2 μm SIM significantly increased alkaline phosphatase activity (P < 0.05) of mouse bone marrow MSCs with no inhibition of cell proliferation, and enhanced the chemotactic capability of SDF-1α (P < 0.05). Next, we constructed a novel cell-free bone tissue engineering system using PLGA loaded with SIM and SDF-1α, and applied it in critical-sized calvarial defects in mice. New bone formation in the defect was evaluated by micro-CT, HE staining and immunohistochemistry. The results showed that PLGA loaded with SIM and SDF-1α promoted bone regeneration significantly more than controls. We investigated possible mechanisms, and showed that SDF-1α combined with SIM increased MSC migration and homing in vivo, promoted angiogenesis and enhanced the expression of BMP-2 in newly-formed bone tissue. In conclusion, SIM enhanced the chemotactic capability of SDF-1α and the cell-free bone tissue engineering system composed of SIM, SDF-1α and scaffold promoted bone regeneration in mouse critical-sized calvarial defects.

Keywords
Simvastatin; Stromal cell-derived factor 1; Bone healing; Cell homing
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 35, Issue 15, May 2014, Pages 4489–4498
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us