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Oral delivery of shRNA and siRNA via multifunctional polymeric nanoparticles for synergistic cancer therapy

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
5852 441 2014 12 PDF Available
Title
Oral delivery of shRNA and siRNA via multifunctional polymeric nanoparticles for synergistic cancer therapy
Abstract

Galactose modified trimethyl chitosan-cysteine (GTC) conjugates with various galactose grafting densities were developed for oral delivery of Survivin shRNA-expression pDNA (iSur-pDNA) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) siRNA (siVEGF) in the synergistic and targeted treatment of hepatoma. iSur-pDNA and siVEGF loaded GTC nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared via electrostatic complexation and showed desirable stability in physiological fluids and improved intestinal permeation compared to naked genes. Galactose grafting density of GTC NPs significantly affected their in vitro and in vivo antitumor activities. GTC NPs with moderate galactose grafting density, termed GTC2 NPs, were superior in facilitating cellular uptake, promoting nuclear distribution, and silencing target genes, leading to notable inhibition of cell growth. In tumor-bearing mice, orally delivered GTC2 NPs could effectively accumulate in the tumor tissues and silence the expression of Survivin and VEGF, evoking increased apoptosis, inhibited angiogenesis, and thus the most efficient tumor regression. Moreover, compared with single gene delivery, co-delivery of iSur-pDNA and siVEGF showed synergistic effects on inhibiting in vitro cell proliferation and in vivo tumor growth. This study could serve as an effective approach for synergistic cancer therapy via oral gene delivery, and highlighted the importance of ligand grafting density in the rational design of targeted nanocarriers.

Keywords
Polymeric nanoparticles; Survivin shRNA; VEGF siRNA; Oral delivery; Cancer therapy
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Oral delivery of shRNA and siRNA via multifunctional polymeric nanoparticles for synergistic cancer therapy
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 35, Issue 15, May 2014, Pages 4589–4600
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us