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Electropolymerization of dopamine for surface modification of complex-shaped cardiovascular stents

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
5854 444 2014 11 PDF Available
Title
Electropolymerization of dopamine for surface modification of complex-shaped cardiovascular stents
Abstract

Inspired by the adhesion strategy of marine mussels, self-polymerization of dopamine under alkaline condition has been proven to be a simple and effective method for surface modification of biomaterials. However, this method still has many drawbacks, such as the use of alkaline aqueous medium, low poly(dopamine) deposition rate, and inefficient utilization of dopamine, which greatly hinder its practical application. In the present study, we demonstrate that electropolymerization of dopamine is a facile and versatile approach to surface tailoring of metallic cardiovascular stents, such as small and complex-shaped coronary stent. Electropolymerization of dopamine leads to the formation of a continuous and smooth electropolymerized poly(dopamine) (ePDA) coating on the substrate surface. This electrochemical method exhibits a higher deposition rate and is more efficient in dopamine utilization compared with the typical self-polymerization method. The ePDA coating facilitates the immobilization of biomolecules onto substrates to engineer biomimetic microenvironments. In vitro and in vivo experiments demonstrate that ePDA coating functionalized with vascular endothelial growth factor can greatly enhance the desired cellular responses of endothelial cells and prevent the neointima formation after stent implantation. The proposed methodology may find applications in the area of metallic surface engineering, especially for the cardiovascular stents and potentially all biomedical devices with electroconductive surface as well.

Keywords
Electropolymerization; Poly(dopamine) coating; Surface functionalization; Cardiovascular stent; Vascular endothelial growth factor
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 35, Issue 27, September 2014, Pages 7679–7689
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us